Port Louis (French pronunciation: [pɔʁˈlwi]), is a city in the district of Port Louis, Mauritius. It is the capital and most populous city of the of the country. The city is the country's economic, cultural and political centre.
Port Louis was already in use as a harbor in 1638. In 1735, under French government, it became the administrative center of Mauritius and a major reprovisioning halt for French ships travelling around the Cape of Good Hope. The Port is named in honour of King Louis XV. The first Governor was Count Bertrand-François Mahé de La Bourdonnais.
The economy of the city is mostly dominated by its financial centre, port facilities, tourism and the manufacturing sector which include textiles, chemicals, plastics and pharmaceuticals. Port Louis is home to the biggest port facility in the Indian Ocean region and one of Africa’s major financial centre.
Air transportation to the city is provided by SSR International Airport. Port Louis is served by two major bus stations. Victoria Station is used by buses to and from the eastern and southern areas and the Plaines Wilhems district. Immigration Square, also known as Gare du Nord, is a terminus for buses coming from the Northern districts of Pamplemousses and Rivière du Rempart. A number of inter-city buses carry passengers to and from nearby suburbs such as Plaine Verte, Vallée-des-Prêtres and Cassis. To cope with an increase in traffic congestion, the government has proposed a Light rail transit from Curepipe to the city.
One of the most popular event is the Thoroughbred horse races held at the Champ de Mars Racecourse which is the second oldest horse race track in the world. Popular sports include football and volleyball. The Football team of Port Louis is the AS Port-Louis 2000.
- Municipal & District Councils in Mauritius. Government of Mauritius. http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/mlge/menuitem.f9c1c444c628df3cb3347524e2b521ca/#br. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- Digest Of Demographic Statistics 2010. Government of Mauritius. p. 33. http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/cso/report/natacc/demo10/demo10.pdf. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- Port of Port Louis. World Port Source. http://www.worldportsource.com/ports/MUS_Port_of_Port_Louis_2331.php. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- "Light Rail Transit back on track". Le Defimedia. http://www.defimedia.info/news-sunday/nos-news/item/18739-light-rail-transit-back-on-track.html. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
- Ville de la Possession - Jumelages