Paramaribo

Paramaribo is the capital and largest city of Suriname, located on banks of the Suriname River in the Paramaribo District.

Content imported from Wikipedia, The CIA World Factbook and Freebase under their respective licenses.

Paramaribo (nickname: Par′bo) is the capital and largest city of Suriname, located on banks of the Suriname River in the Paramaribo District. Paramaribo has a population of roughly 250,000 people, more than half of Suriname's population. The historic inner city of Paramaribo has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2002.

History



1830s lithograph of the market

The area, a trading post started by the Dutch, was taken by the English in 1630, and in 1650 the city became the capital of the new English colony. The area changed hands often between the English and Dutch but it was in Dutch hands again in 1667 and under Dutch rule from 1815 until the independence of Suriname in 1975.

On January 1821, a fire in the city centre destroyed over 400 houses and other buildings.

A second fire in September 1832 destroyed another 46 houses on the western part of the Waterkant.

In 1943, a military plane crashed on its way to North Africa near the city, killing two FBI Agents and other 33 people that were on board. The cause of the aircraft accident was never determined and nearly no remains of the 35 people aboard were found.[1]

The citizens are chiefly of African, East Indian, indigenous, Javanese, Chinese and Dutch descent.

Geography



Astronaut View of Paramaribo

The city is located on the Suriname River, approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) inland from the Atlantic Ocean, in the Paramaribo district.

Climate

Paramaribo features a tropical rainforest climate, under the Köppen climate classification. The city has no true dry season, all 12 months of the year average more than 60 mm of precipitation, but the city does experience noticeably wetter and drier periods during the year. September through November is the driest period of the year in Paramaribo. Common to many cities with this climate, temperatures are relatively consistent throughout the course of the year, with average high temperatures of 31 degrees Celsius and average low temperatures of 22 degrees Celsius. Paramaribo on average sees roughly 2200 mm of rain each year.

Climate data for Paramaribo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
30
(86)
31
(88)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
27
(81)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
Precipitation mm (inches) 200
(7.87)
140
(5.51)
150
(5.91)
210
(8.27)
290
(11.42)
290
(11.42)
230
(9.06)
170
(6.69)
90
(3.54)
90
(3.54)
120
(4.72)
180
(7.09)
2,220
(87.4)
Source: Weatherbase[2]

Demographics

Paramaribo has a population of roughly 265,953 people, more than half of the population of Suriname.

Paramaribo is famed for its diverse ethnic makeup, including Creoles, Indians, East Indians, Maroons, Javanese, Portuguese, Native Americans, Levantine, Chinese, and other Europeans (primarily of Dutch and English descent).

Economy

The city's major exports are gold, bauxite, sugar cane, rice, cacao, coffee, rum, and tropical woods. Cement and paint are manufactured in the city.[citation needed]

Blue Wing Airlines has its head office on the grounds of Zorg en Hoop Airport in Paramaribo.[3]

Transport

Paramaribo is served by the Johan Adolf Pengel International Airport and Zorg en Hoop Airport for local flights. The Jules Wijdenbosch Bridge, which is part of the East-West Link, connects Paramaribo with Meerzorg on the other side of the Suriname River.

Culture

On Sundays and holidays there is a popular bird song competition. Suriname has only one cinema, which is located in the capital.

Notable landmarks



Paramaribo's Neve Shalom Synogogue



Helstone Monument



The National Assembly of Suriname

  • Suriname Mosque
  • National Assembly of Suriname
  • Neveh Shalom Synagogue
  • Roman Catholic St Peter and St Paul Cathedral
  • The Arya Dewaker Hindu Temple

Sports

Paramaribo is the birthplace of several football players; some of them later represented the Netherlands:

  • Andwélé Slory
  • Aron Winter
  • Clarence Seedorf
  • Edgar Davids
  • Fabian Wilnis
  • Henk Fräser
  • Jerry de Jong
  • Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink
  • Kelvin Leerdam
  • Maarten Atmodikoro
  • Mark de Vries
  • Regi Blinker
  • Romeo Castelen
  • Stanley Menzo
  • Ulrich van Gobbel
  • Edson Braafheid

Other sports such as tennis, golf, and basketball are also commonly played in Suriname.

Sister cities

  • Antwerp, Belgium.
  • Hangzhou, China.
  • Willemstad, Curaçao.[4]
  • Yogyakarta, Indonesia.