Nguyen Tan Dung

Nguyễn Tấn Dũng is the Prime Minister of Vietnam.

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Nguyễn Tấn Dũng (born 17 November 1949) is the Prime Minister of Vietnam. He was confirmed by the National Assembly on 27 June 2006, having been nominated by his predecessor, Phan Văn Khải, who retired from office. Since a party congress in January 2011, Dũng has been ranked third in the hierarchy of the Communist Party of Vietnam, after State President Trương Tấn Sang and Defense Minister Phung Quang Thanh.[1]

Early life

Dũng was born in Cà Mau in southern Vietnam. He purportedly volunteeered on his 12th birthday to join the Vietcong, doing first-aid, and communication tasks; he also worked as a nurse, and a physician.[citation needed] He was wounded four times during the Vietnam War, and was later ranked as a level 2/4 wounded veteran. As a Senior Lieutenant he was Chief Political Commissar of Infantry Battalion 207; as a Captain, he was Political Chief of Infantry Regiment 152, defending the southwestern border. As Major, Dũng headed the Personnel Board of Kien Giang Province's Military Command.[2]

He attended the high-level Nguyen Ai Quoc Party School.[3] He was admitted to the Communist Party of Vietnam on 10 June 1967.

Armed forces

Dũng reportedly joined the People's Armed Forces in 1961, serving until 1984. He fought in the south and in the west during the Vietnam War. He cited his desire for national independence as his reasons for fighting on the battlefield. During this time, Dũng served in the Cambodian–Vietnamese War, which resulted in the Vietnamese occupation of Cambodia. During his service, he was wounded four time.[4]

Political career

Dũng previously served as first deputy prime minister from 29 September 1997. He was also the governor of the State Bank of Vietnam between 1998 and 1999. He was admitted to the Communist Party of Vietnam on 10 June 1967, then joined the army as a full-fledged fighter and was subsequently elected a member of the Party’s Politburo at the Eighth, Ninth and Tenth National Party Congresses.[5]

Dũng is the first senior Vietnamese communist leader born after the August Revolution in 1945 and the youngest Vietnamese prime minister (56 years old when he assumed the office). He is also a native southerner and remained in the southern region throughout the Vietnam War (he was only 5 when the country was divided in 1954). He was reelected to the post of prime minister on 25 July 2007.[6]

In August 2007, it was reported that Dũng displayed "remarkable enthusiasm for the Internet". The government had set up a form through which corrupt officials could be reported online. He held an online chat that was viewed by over 1,000,000 people where he answered some screened questions regarding thing from government control of the media to personal career tips. One youth asked how he could be Prime Minister someday, to which Dũng replied: "Throughout my time following the Party and the Revolution, I always obeyed the assignments of the organization.”[7]

It was reported that Vietnam's post-war generation "is increasingly wired, as the Communist Party attempts to foster economic growth and high-tech skills”. The government blocks politically-oriented sites and pornography. There has also been talk of censoring blogs; it was noted that there is a fake Dũng blog on which the language “mimics official jargon, but is subtly peppered with anti-communist barbs.”[7]

On 26 July 2011, Dũng was officially re-elected prime minister by the 13th National Assembly, winning 470 out of 500 votes. He lost out to Truong Tan Sang in the competition to lead the party's Politburo, or executive committee.[8]

In October 2011, It was reported that political dissidents in Vietnam were "facing a growing crackdown on their activities ... [s]ince the Communist party congress in January, the authorities have steadily ratcheted up the pressure on dissidents.” Since 30 July, 15 religious activists had been imprisoned. One lawyer with deep family connections to the Communist party was sentenced to seven years' imprisonment "to the shock and outrage of large sections of the Vietnamese public.” A Human Rights Watch report also detailed forced labour and torture throughout the country's drug rehabilitation centres. Australian Vietnam expert Carlyle Thayer said "Nguyen Tan Dung ... is decidedly not a reformer.” Although the U.S. and India are developing closer ties to Vietnam, neither “has seen fit to pressure Vietnam on its rights record with any conviction or consistency."[9]

In August 2012, the arrest of Nguyen Duc Kien, a local tycoon thought to be close to Dũng,[10] sparked discussions about Dung's ongoing political battle with President Truong Tan Sang.[11] Following these discussions, much of the anger about nepotism and poor economic management has been directed at Dung.[12]

At Central Committee meeting in October 2012, General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong, the head of the Communist Party announced Politburo agreed to propose the committee impose a form of discipline on it and consider discipline on a Politburo member (is thought Nguyen Tan Dung), but the Central Committee decided to not take any discipline on the Politburo and one of its members - from the prime minister's mistakes in economic management issues, anti-corruption ...[13][14][15]Earlier the Central Committee decided to take the Central Steering Committee for Anti-Corruption away from Dũng's control, and the committee is now controlled by the Politburo and the general secretary is chief of committee.

Foreign relations

In 2009, Dũng made a two day visit to Russia where he signed a multi-billion dollar arms deal.[16] In 2010, one deputy called for a no confidence motion against Dũng in response to a financial scandal at the Vinashin shipbuilding group.[17] At a party congress in January 2011, he was nominated for another term as prime minister.[citation needed]

On 12 April 2010, Dũng attended a luncheon with U.S. Vice President Biden and other world leaders at the Naval Observatory in Washington, D.C.[18] On the same date he met Obama at the World Security Summit where he “spoke glowingly to American business leaders of Vietnam's economic growth — 7.2% per year over the last decade — and endorsed Obama's concerns about nuclear safety.”[19]

In April 2012, Dũng met with Japanese Deputy Prime Minister Okada Katsuya. He expressed his approval with the growing level of cooperation between Vietnam and Japan and they discussed moving forward. They talked about ways accelerate visitation and simplifying both entry procedures and exchange programs. Dũng stated that Vietnam wants to cooperate further and learn from Japan's experience in social insurance and continue to increase Japanese official development assistance.[20] Acts of Corruption : One of the most corruption politician in modern Vietnam

Acts of Corruption

References

  1. "Nguyen Phu Trong elected Party Chief", Vietnam+, 19 January 2011.
    "Nguyen Phu Trong elected Party General Secretary", Nhan Dan, 19 January 2011.
  2. "Nguyen Tan Dung re-elected Prime Minister". Vov Online. 26 July 2011. http://english.vov.vn/Home/Nguyen-Tan-Dung-reelected-Prime-Minister/20117/128707.vov. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
  3. "Biography of H.E. Mr. Nguyen Tan Dung". Lao Voices. http://laovoices.com/biography-of-h-e-mr-nguyen-tan-dung/. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
  4. "FT Interview: Nguyen Tan Dung". Financial Times. 2 March 2008. http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/e50c9092-e82e-11dc-913a-0000779fd2ac.html#axzz1oLP2khWb.
  5. Nhan Dan, "Nguyen Tan Dung elected new Prime Minister", 27 June 2006.
  6. "Vietnam's prime minister confirmed for new five-year term", Asia World]
  7. "A Vietnam "War" in the Blogosphere". The Time. 17 August 2007. http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1653949,00.html.
  8. "Mr. Nguyen Tan Dung was re-elected as the Prime Minister of Vietnam". Vietrade. 26 July 2011. http://www.vietradeinchile.gov.vn/website/article.aspx?article_id=11125.
  9. Roasa, Dustin (25 October 2011). "Vietnamese Communist party steadily ratchets up the pressure". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2011/oct/25/vietnamese-communist-party-ratchets-pressure. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
  10. "Vietnam: the calm after the storm?"
  11. "Vietnam Mogul Arrest Sparks Stock Plunge as Tensions Surface"
  12. "In Vietnam, Message of Equality Is Challenged by Widening Wealth Gap"
  13. http://dangcongsan.vn/cpv/Modules/News_English/News_Detail_E.aspx?CN_ID=549275&CO_ID=30180
  14. http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/10/16/vietnam-politics-idUSL3E8LG2SS20121016
  15. http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/afp_asiapacific/view/1231534/1/.html%7CVietnam PM escapes punishment despite censure
  16. "Russia And Vietnam Sign Arms Deal"
  17. "No confidence' in Vietnam's PM"
  18. "nguyen tan dung photos". USA Today. http://mediagallery.usatoday.com/Nguyen+Tan+Dung.
  19. Farrell, John Aloysius (17 April 2010). "Vietnamese leader focuses on China, climate change". Global Post. http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/vietnam/100416/vietnam-foreign-policy-nguyen-tan-dung.
  20. "PM Nguyen Tan Dung meets Japanese Deputy PM". Communist Party of Vietnam Online Newspaper. 21 April 2012. http://www.cpv.org.vn/cpv/Modules/News_English/News_Detail_E.aspx?CN_ID=519081&CO_ID=30180. Retrieved 12 June 2012.