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Macky Sall (born 11 December 1961) is a Senegalese politician who has been President of Senegal since April 2012. Under President Abdoulaye Wade, Sall was Prime Minister of Senegal from April 2004 to June 2007 and President of the National Assembly of Senegal from June 2007 to November 2008. He was the Mayor of Fatick from 2002 to 2008 and has held that post again since April 2009.
Sall was a long-time member of the Senegalese Democratic Party (PDS). After coming into conflict with Wade, he was removed from his post as President of the National Assembly in November 2008; he consequently founded his own party and joined the opposition. Placing second in the first round of the 2012 presidential election, he won the backing of other opposition candidates and prevailed over Wade in the second round of voting, held on 25 March 2012.
Early political career
Sall, a geological engineer by profession, was born in Fatick. He became Secretary-General of the PDS Regional Convention in Fatick in 1998 and served as the PDS National Secretary in charge of Mines and Industry. He was Special Advisor for Energy and Mines to President Abdoulaye Wade from 6 April 2000 to 12 May 2003, as well as Director-General of the Petroleum Company of Senegal (Société des Pétroles du Sénégal, PETROSEN) from 13 December 2000 to 5 July 2001. He became Minister of Mines, Energy and Hydraulics on 12 May 2001, and he was promoted to the rank of Minister of State, while retaining his portfolio, on 6 November 2002. He additionally became the Mayor of Fatick on 1 June 2002.
On 27 August 2003, Sall was moved from his position as Minister of State for Mines, Energy and Hydraulics to that of Minister of State for the Interior and Local Communities, while also becoming Government Spokesman. He was then appointed as Prime Minister by President Wade on 21 April 2004, when his predecessor, Idrissa Seck, was dismissed. On 25 April 2004, Seck became Vice-President of the PDS Steering Committee.
Sall served as the director of Wade's re-election campaign for the February 2007 presidential election, in which Wade was victorious, obtaining a majority in the first round. After Wade was sworn in, Sall submitted his resignation on 10 April and was immediately reappointed, with the government unchanged.
President of the National Assembly
In the June 2007 parliamentary election, Sall was elected to the National Assembly as a candidate on the national list of the Sopi Coalition. After the election, Wade appointed Minister Delegate for the Budget Cheikh Hadjibou Soumaré as Prime Minister on 19 June, replacing Sall, who had resigned along with his government shortly beforehand. Sall said that he was proud of what he had accomplished as Prime Minister.
Sall was elected as President of the National Assembly one day later, on 20 June 2007; he was the only candidate and received 143 votes from the 146 deputies present. Sall and Wade came into conflict later in 2007 when Sall called Wade's son Karim, the President of the National Agency of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC), for a hearing in the National Assembly regarding construction sites in Dakar for the OIC Summit planned to take place there in March 2008. This was perceived as an attempt by Sall to weaken Karim's position and possibly influence the eventual presidential succession in favor of himself, provoking the enmity of Wade and his loyalists within the PDS. In November 2007, the PDS Steering Committee abolished Sall's position of Deputy Secretary-General, which had been the second most powerful position in the party, and it decided to submit a bill to the National Assembly that would reduce the term of the President of the National Assembly from five years to one year. Following the death of Mourides religious leader Serigne Saliou Mbacké in late December 2007, his successor, Serigne Mouhamadou Lamine Bara Mbacké, asked Wade to forgive Sall; Wade then met with Sall and the two were said to have made peace in early January 2008.
Sall nevertheless remained at odds with the PDS leadership in 2008. In September 2008, a PDS deputy presented the bill to reduce the term of the President of the National Assembly to one year, and later in the month, Sall was called before the PDS Disciplinary Committee, although he did not appear. On this occasion, Sall was accused of divisive personal initiatives within the party; he also allegedly committed "acts aimed at undermining the image of the party and country", referring in particular to Sall's visits to the Senate of France and the United States Democratic Party's 2008 Convention. A statement released by Sall's political adviser condemned the move to discipline Sall as an "attempt at political liquidation".
On 13 October 2008, the National Assembly voted to reduce the term of the President of the National Assembly to one year; this was approved by President Wade on 21 October. Despite Sall's determined efforts to maintain his position, the National Assembly voted to dismiss him as President of the National Assembly on 9 November 2008. There were 111 votes in favor of his removal and 22 against it. Sall promptly announced that he was resigning from the PDS; this decision meant that he would lose his seat in the National Assembly, as well as his seat on Fatick's municipal council and his post as Mayor of Fatick. He also said that he would create a new party. Mamadou Seck was elected to replace Sall as President of the National Assembly on 16 November 2008.
Sall founded his own party, the Alliance for the Republic–Yaakaar, in early December 2008. The Interior Ministry accused Sall of money laundering on 26 January 2009; Sall denied this and said that the accusation was politically motivated. In late February 2009 it was decided not to prosecute Sall due to lack of evidence.
Following the March 2009 local election in Fatick, Sall was re-elected to his former post as Mayor in April 2009. He received 44 votes from the 45 municipal councillors present; the Sopi Coalition's five councillors were not present for the vote.
Presidency of Senegal
The initial result of the 26 February, 2012 election saw Sall obtaining 26.5% of the vote against Wade's 34.8%, forcing a runoff. On 25 March, the presidential run-off was held, and Wade phoned Sall at 21:30 GMT to concede the race with congratulations. Sall was inaugurated as the fourth President of Senegal on 2 April. The next day he appointed technocrat Abdoul Mbaye as his prime
Constitution and elections
Sall is in favor of reverting to the previous term limits and lengths of office. For the second round of the presidential election, Sall called on all other losing candidates and disqualified candidate Youssou N'Dour to support him on the promise of returning to five-year terms from the previous seven-year term that Wade controversially restored; he also said he would ensure that no leader could hold more than two terms.
- Official Senegalese government page for Sall (from 2006) (French).
- "Les anciens présidents de l'Assemblée nationale", Senegalese government website (French).
- "Senegal's President-elect Macky Sall hails 'new era'". BBC News. 26 March 2012. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-17508098.
- "Senegal PM appoints new cabinet", AFP (IOL), 23 April 2004.
- "Incumbent Senegalese President’s campaign team set up", African Press Agency, 3 February 2007.
- "Sénégal: le Premier ministre démissionne, est reconduit à son poste", AFP (Jeuneafrique.com), 11 April 2007 (French).
- List of deputies, National Assembly website (accessed 15 November 2008) (French).
- "Sénégal: un technocrate nommé au poste de Premier ministre", AFP (Jeuneafrique.com), 19 June 2007 (French).
- "Sénégal : l'ex-Premier ministre Macky Sall élu président de l'Assemblée", AFP (Jeuneafrique.com), 20 June 2007 (French).
- "Abdoulaye Wade et le président de l’Assemblée nationale, Macky Sall, font la paix", African Press Agency, 4 January 2008 (French).
- Hamadou Tidiane Sy, "Senegal's national assembly president dismissed", Daily Nation (Kenya), 11 November 2008.
- "Sénégal: Le Comité directeur du PDS supprime le poste de secrétaire général adjoint occupé par Macky Sall", Agence de Presse Sénégalaise (allAfrica.com), 18 November 2007 (French).
- "Sénégal: le président de l'Assemblée dénonce "une tentative de liquidation politique"", AFP, 14 September 2008 (French).
- "Senegal's National Assembly president voted out", Xinhua, 10 November 2008.
- "Mamadou Seck becomes Senegal's new parliament speaker", Pana (afriquenligne.fr), 17 November 2008.
- "Sénégal : Mamdou Seck élu nouveau président de l'Assemblée nationale", Xinhua, 18 November 2008 (French).
- "Fin des poursuites contre l’ancien Premier ministre sénégalais Macky Sall", African Press Agency (jeuneafrique.com), 27 February 2009 (French).
- Mamadou Cisse, "Sénégal: Fatick – Macky Sall retrouve son fauteuil", Le Soleil (allAfrica.com), 10 April 2009 (French).
- Dioumacor Ndong, "FATICK – La revanche de l’ancien maire : Macky Sall revient par la grande porte", Le Quotidien, 10 April 2009 (French).
- "Senegal's Abdoulaye Wade accepts election run-off". BBC News. 28 February 2012. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-17189318. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
- "Senegal's Wade admits presidential election loss". BBC News. 25 March 2012. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-17508098.
- "Senegal presidential poll results confirm run-off". BBC News. 1 March 2012. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-17215803. Retrieved 1 March 2012.