János Áder (Hungarian pronunciation: ['jaːnoʃ 'aːdɛr]; born 9 May 1959) is a Hungarian lawyer who is the President of Hungary since 10 May 2012.
Life and career
Áder grew up in the small town of Csorna in Győr-Moson-Sopron county. Beginning in 1978, he studied law for five years at the Faculty of Law and Political Sciences at Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest. From 1986 to 1990, he was a research fellow at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences' Sociological Research Institute.
Áder, who has a law degree, was a co-founder of Fidesz (Alliance of Young Democrats), at the time a liberal coalition of democrats (although it has shifted to center-right as of 2012). He served as a party legal expert. Áder was a member of the Opposition Round Table which, in 1989, negotiated an end to single-party rule in Hungary.
In the 1990 and 1994 elections he was head of the Fidesz campaign. He was a member of the Hungarian Parliament (Országgyűlés) from 1990 to 2009, and was the Speaker of the National Assembly of Hungary from 18 June 1998 to 15 May 2002. He was the leader of the Fidesz caucus opposition from 2002 to 2006. In 2011, he helped draft legislation which changed the role of the Hungarian judiciary, leading the European Commission to bring the matter of Hungarian judicial independence before the European Court of Justice. He also helped draft the legislation which revised Hungarian electoral laws.
In the 2009 European Parliament election, he became a member of the European Parliament. He was elected a deputy chairman of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety on 23 January 2012.
On 16 April 2012, Áder was appointed by the Fidesz party, and Prime Minister Viktor Orbán, to become the new President of Hungary after the resignation of Pál Schmitt. He was elected on 2 May to a five-year term by a vote of 262–40, and assumed office on 10 May 2012. He is consequently the first president to hold that office since the new Hungarian constitution took effect on 1 January 2012.
János Áder met Shimon Peres at a working dinner in Jerusalem on 15 July 2012, and invited the Israeli President for an official visit to Hungary. Áder told that their conversation had focused on deepening scientific cooperation between the two countries, in which Hungary could benefit from Israel’s experience in areas such as farming and water management. On 16 July, he told a commemoration of Raoul Wallenberg in the Knesset, that The Holocaust is "the tragedy of mankind without parallel". He said the rise of anti-Semitism in several countries in Europe had been discussed, he said, "adding that steps against such phenomena must be taken together."
Later, The Simon Wiesenthal Centre asked Áder in an open letter sent to MTI to help bring alleged Nazi war criminal László Csizsik-Csatáry to justice “as quickly as possible.”
Áder said Hungary’s new constitution guarantees constitutional rights and catered for fourth generation human rights in his address of the 67th session of the UN General Assembly in New York on 25 September 2012. These include Article P, which states that “natural resources, especially the farmland, forests and the drinking water supplies, the biodiversity – in particular native plant and animal species – and the cultural assets shall form part of the nation’s common heritage; the State and every person shall be obliged to protect, sustain and preserve them for future generations.” He mentioned especially the water supply, and how short-sighted and irrational it was the way “we pollute our waters”. Áder also told Hungary has taken active part in the work of the UN’s Friends of Water working group. Hungary will host a conference on water and sanitation in Budapest in 2013.
János Áder is married to Anita Herczegh, who works as a judge. They have three daughters and a son. Áder's father-in-law, Géza Herczegh, was a judge of the International Court of Justice at The Hague from 1993 to 2003.
- "János ÁDER." Members of the European Parliament. European Parliament. No date. Accessed 2012-05-05.
- "Fára mászó és fáradhatatlan first ladyk jelölik az utat Áder János feleségének". origo.hu. http://www.origo.hu/itthon/20120416-elnokfelesegek-kozeleti-tevekenysege-szereplesei.html. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- Verseck, Keno. "Close Orban Ally is Hungary's New President." MSN News. 2 May 2012. Accessed 2012-05-05.
- "Hungary: Janos Ader Replaces Pal Schmitt as President." BBC.co.uk. 2 May 2012. Accessed 2012-05-04.
- Hodgson, Robert. "Áder a Shoe-In for President." Budapest Times. 20 April 2012. Accessed 2012-05-04.
- Kuli, Alex. "Hungary Elects Orban Ally as New President." Associated Press. 2 May 2012.
- "Csornától a Sándor-palotáig – Áder János életrajza". Erdély Ma. http://erdely.ma/magyarorszag.php?id=117180. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- "President invites Israeli counterpart to Hungary following Jerusalem visit". Politics.hu. http://www.politics.hu/20120717/hungarian-president-invites-israeli-counterpart-to-hungary-following-jerusalem-visit/. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- "Holocaust mankind’s “unparalleled tragedy”, says Áder during three-day official visit in Israel". Politics.hu. http://www.politics.hu/20120718/holocaust-mankinds-unparalleled-tragedy-says-ader-during-three-day-official-visit-in-israel/. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- "Wiesenthal Center asks Hungarian President’s help in bringing alleged WWII criminal to justice". Politics.hu. http://www.politics.hu/20120718/wiesenthal-center-asks-hungarian-presidents-help-in-bringing-alleged-wwii-criminal-to-justice/. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- "Hungary focuses on “fourth-generation” rights, says President in UN address". Politics.hu. http://www.politics.hu/20120926/hungary-focuses-on-fourth-generation-rights-says-president-in-un-address/. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
- "Hungarian PM Nominates Janos Ader as President." China Daily. 17 April 2012. Accessed 2012-05-05.