Almazbek Atambayev

Almazbek Sharshenovich Atambayev is the President of Kyrgyzstan since 1 December 2011.

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Almazbek Sharshenovich Atambayev (Cyrillic: Алмазбек Шаршенович Атамбаев; born September 17, 1956) is the President of Kyrgyzstan since 1 December 2011. He previously was Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan from 17 December 2010 to 1 December 2011, having also been Prime Minister from 29 March 2007 until 28 November 2007. He has also served as Chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan from 30 July 1999 to 23 September 2011.

Personal life

Almazbek Atambaev was born in 1956 in the Northern region of Chui. He received his degree in economics while studying at the Moscow Institute of Management.[1]

Political career under Akayev and Bakiyev

Atambayev was an unsuccessful candidate in the October 2000 presidential election, receiving 6% of the vote.[2] Almazbek Atambayev became the President of Kyrgyzstan, in 2011.

Atambayev served as the Minister of Industry, Trade and Tourism in the government from 20 December 2005[3] until he resigned on 21 April 2006.[4]

In November 2006 he was one of the leaders of anti-government protests in Bishkek, under the umbrella of the movement 'For Reform!' (За Реформы).[5] He was also involved in earlier protests in late April 2006.

On 26 December 2006 Atambayev rejected calls from other lawmakers for a dissolution of the Supreme Council, saying, "It is impossible for this Parliament to be dissolved at least until May [2007], and it has to adopt all the laws. Otherwise there will be a war in Kyrgyzstan, because even if Parliament adopts the [proposed] authoritarian constitution, I will tell you openly, we will not accept it. It would be a constitution adopted illegally. Then we would take every [possible protest action]. We are ready for that."[6]

Following the resignation of Prime Minister Azim Isabekov on 29 March 2007, Atambayev was appointed acting Prime Minister by President Kurmanbek Bakiyev.[7] He was then confirmed in parliament by a vote of 48-3 on 30 March.[8] He is the first prime minister in Central Asia to come from an opposition party.[9] On 11 April, he tried to address a large protest in Bishkek demanding Bakiyev's resignation, but was booed by the protesters.[10][11]

Bakiyev announced the resignation of Atambayev's government on October 24, 2007, following a successful referendum. The government was to remain in office until after a parliamentary election in December.[12]

Nonetheless, Atambayev resigned on 28 November 2007; Bakiyev accepted the resignation, while praising Atambayev for his performance in office, and appointed Acting First Deputy Prime Minister Iskenderbek Aidaraliyev in his place as Acting Prime Minister.[13][14] Edil Baisalov of the Social Democratic Party claimed that Atambayev was forced out of office because he was an obstacle to alleged government interference in the parliamentary election.[14]

Presidential candidate

On 20 April 2009 Atambayev was announced as a candidate for the July 2009 Kyrgyz presidential elections.[15] But on polling day Atambayev withdrew his candidacy claiming "widespread fraud": "Due to massive, unprecedented violations, we consider these elections illegitimate and a new election should be held".[16]

Political career since 2010

Following the 2010 parliamentary election, he was chosen to be Prime Minister at the head of a coalition government with his SDPK, Respublika, and Ata-Zhurt (which won a plurality in the election).[17]

Atambayev ran in 2011 to succeed Roza Otunbayeva as President of Kyrgyzstan. On election day, October 30, 2011, he won in a landslide, defeating Adakhan Madumarov from the Butun Kyrgyzstan party and Kamchybek Tashiev from the Ata-Zhurt party with 63% of the vote, and with about 60% of the eligible Kyrgyz population voting.[18]

Foreign policy

In 2011 soon after becoming President, Atambayev traveled to Turkey and signed an agreement with the Turkish President agreeing to increase trade from $300 million in 2011 to $1 billion by 2015, with Turkey also agreeing to attract Turkish investment to Kyrgyzstan to the amount of $450 million within the next few years.[19]

Russia

Atambayev has repeatedly presented himself as a pro-Russian politician. He has announced Kyrgyzstan’s entry into the Customs Union, promised to secure the withdrawal of the American base from the country in 2014, and spoken of the need for closer economic relations with Russia, which temporarily employs about 500,000 citizens of Kyrgyzstan.;[20] however, he has also expressed his wish to achieve greater economic and energy independence from it.[21]

In early 2012 Atambayev traveled to Moscow, where in his meeting with Medvedev he called for the $15 million owed by Russia to Kyrgyzstan for their use of the Kant airbase.[22] Not only has Russia not been paying rent, but allegedly, they have also not paid for utilities like water and electricity, something unheard of anywhere else in the world.[citation needed] Russian pilots were also to have trained their Kyrgyz counterparts, which has not occurred.[23]

References

  1. "Background on Almaz Atambayev". Kyrgyzstan: Country in transition. Carngeie Endowment for International Peace. http://kyrgyzstan.carnegieendowment.org/2010/06/background-on-almaz-atambayev. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  2. http://psephos.adam-carr.net/countries/k/kyrgyzstan/kyrgyzstanpres.txt
  3. "New Kyrgyz Government Sworn In", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, December 21, 2005.
  4. "Kyrgyzstan's Trade Minister Resigns", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, April 21, 2006.
  5. http://www.rferl.org/featuresarticle/2006/11/c1e7e6d1-a898-460b-9ac6-20b7b3e09a64.html
  6. "Kyrgyz Lawmakers Call For Dissolution Of Parliament", RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty, December 26, 2006.
  7. "Kyrgyz Prime Minister Resigns", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, March 29, 2007.
  8. "Kyrgyz Parliament Confirms New Prime Minister", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, March 30, 2007.
  9. Ilan Greenberg, "Pressed, Kyrgyz President Names His Critic as Premier", The New York Times, March 30, 2007, Section A, Page 15.
  10. "Kyrgyz opposition stages large rally against embattled president", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), April 11, 2007.
  11. Bruce Pannier, "Kyrgyzstan: Thousands Demand President's Resignation", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, April 11, 2007.
  12. "President: Kyrgyz government resigns but will stay on for 2 more months", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), October 24, 2007.
  13. "Spokesman: Kyrgyz president accepts resignation of PM", Xinhua, November 28, 2007.
  14. Daniel Sershen, "KYRGYZSTAN: PRIME MINISTER PUSHED ASIDE AS PARLIAMENTARY ELECTION APPROACHES", eurasianet.org, November 29, 2007.
  15. Bruce Pannier "Kyrgyz opposition unites unveils presidential hopeful", RFE/RL, April 20, 2009.
  16. Kyrgyz candidate in poll pullout, BBC News (July 23, 2009)
  17. http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia/2010/12/2010121717124592799.html
  18. "PM Atambayev wins Kyrgyzstan presidential election". BBC News. 31 October 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-15510217.
  19. http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Central_Asia/NA20Ag03.html
  20. Itar Tass 1/11/2011
  21. http://centralasiaonline.com/en_GB/articles/caii/features/main/2011/12/29/feature-02
  22. http://www.eurasianet.org/node/65051
  23. http://en.rian.ru/mlitary_news/20120227/171554590.html